Database Of World`s Air Services Agreements
The bilateral system is based on the Chicago Convention and related multilateral treaties. The Chicago Convention was signed in December 1944 and has governed international air services ever since. the convention also contains a number of annexes covering issues such as aviation safety, safety monitoring, seaworthiness, navigation, environmental protection and facilities (acceleration and departure at airports). One of the first AAS after World War II was the Bermuda Agreement, signed in 1946 by the United Kingdom and the United States. The characteristics of this agreement have become models for the thousands of agreements that were to follow, although in recent decades some of the traditional clauses of these agreements have been amended (or “liberalized”) in accordance with the “open skies” policy of some governments, particularly the United States.  Conduct comparative analyses of air services agreements; The summaries of the provisions have no formal interpretation of the intentions of the parties to the air transport agreements or the content of those agreements. Abstracts therefore do not replace the actual text of the agreement. An air services agreement (also known as the ATA or ASA) is a bilateral agreement that allows international commercial air services between signatories. During the Uruguay Round, negotiations focused on aircraft repair and maintenance services, computerized booking services, the sale and marketing of air services. The secretariat has also established the Air Services Agreement Drafter (ASAP), an analytical tool to visualize elements of the QUASAR database, in particular information on the network of bilateral agreements on air services and traffic flows of an economy. The World Air Services Agreements (WASA) Database is the most comprehensive database of air agreements in the world. Air services are subject to a specific annex to the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS).
The annex excludes most air services from the agreement: traffic rights and services directly related to transport. However, these services are subject to periodic review by the Trade in Services Council to consider the possible continuation of the GATS`s application to the sector. A first revision took place between 2000 and 2003. The second review is under way. In preparation for the second revision, the WTO secretariat developed the database and methodology for the revision of quantitative air services agreements (QUASAR) to assess in general the degree of liberalization achieved in the aviation sector. In March 2006, a group of members developed a multi-lateral application requiring significant commitments in five sub-sectors, including aircraft repair and maintenance, sales and marketing, computer reservation services, stopover assistance services and airport operations services. These include comprehensive (if technically feasible) commitments for fashion1 (services from country to country) and mode 2 (consumers or companies using a service in another country) and eliminating economic needs tests (a test based on economic criteria to determine whether the entry of a foreign company is justified, and restrictions on foreign participation in Fashion 3 (a foreign company) that offers subsidiaries or branches in another country). Major air services are included in the new services negotiations that began in January 2000. Rules for the registration process to be found in doc 6685 – ICAO registration rules for air agreements and agreements. The inclusion of agreements in the WASA does NOT replace the obligation for states to enter into such agreements or amendments in accordance with s.